28699280713_3fe616ab2f_k.jpg
Marine_Harvest_29.jpg
Palau Clam Farm.jpg
IMG_7943.JPG
28699280713_3fe616ab2f_k.jpg

Projects


SCROLL DOWN

Projects


OVERVIEW

SARC studies issues from the local to global scale, with on-going projects in southern California, Norway, French Polynesia, Chile, Indonesia, and other regions where aquaculture is rapidly expanding.

ADVANCING MARICULTURE IN CALIFORNIA SARC has a diverse set of projects in California that include ecological field studies, market analyses, and production modeling. Our goal is to assess and minimize environmental impacts, provide a forum for identifying industry best practices, and to work with diverse stakeholders to generate recommendations for the state of California.

ADVANCING MARICULTURE IN CALIFORNIA

SARC has a diverse set of projects in California that include ecological field studies, market analyses, and production modeling. Our goal is to assess and minimize environmental impacts, provide a forum for identifying industry best practices, and to work with diverse stakeholders to generate recommendations for the state of California.

LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF NOVEL SALMON FEEDS Working closely with Dr. Margareth Overland and her team of fish nutritionists, physiologists, and immunologists at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), SARC is developing Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) of three innovative salmon feeds.

LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF NOVEL SALMON FEEDS

Working closely with Dr. Margareth Overland and her team of fish nutritionists, physiologists, and immunologists at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), SARC is developing Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) of three innovative salmon feeds.

RESTORATION THROUGH AQUACULTURE California was once home to extensive wetlands and oyster beds. Farming of native species, Ostrea lurida, has ecosystem benefits and commercial significance. Bren Master’s students are partnering with SARC to model the impacts and benefits of oyster aquaculture in the Carpinteria Slough.

RESTORATION THROUGH AQUACULTURE

California was once home to extensive wetlands and oyster beds. Farming of native species, Ostrea lurida, has ecosystem benefits and commercial significance. Bren Master’s students are partnering with SARC to model the impacts and benefits of oyster aquaculture in the Carpinteria Slough.

 
ALTERNATIVES TO FISHING SARC is examining the expansion of giant clam (pahua) aquaculture in coral reef ecosystems in French Polynesia. We are working closely with Sarah Argyropoulos and The Nature Conservancy, as well as the Moorea Coral Reef Long-Term Ecological Program, to test alternatives for wild caught fisheries in coral reef ecosystems.

ALTERNATIVES TO FISHING

SARC is examining the expansion of giant clam (pahua) aquaculture in coral reef ecosystems in French Polynesia. We are working closely with Sarah Argyropoulos and The Nature Conservancy, as well as the Moorea Coral Reef Long-Term Ecological Program, to test alternatives for wild caught fisheries in coral reef ecosystems.

CONQUERING HABS IN CHILE Harmful Algae Blooms (HABs) occur when the normally occurring aquatic plants grow out of control and produce toxic effects on local environments. SARC is researching bivalve and seaweed farming practices that can reduce the frequency and duration of HABs in order to maintain ecosystem function and livelihoods.

CONQUERING HABS IN CHILE

Harmful Algae Blooms (HABs) occur when the normally occurring aquatic plants grow out of control and produce toxic effects on local environments. SARC is researching bivalve and seaweed farming practices that can reduce the frequency and duration of HABs in order to maintain ecosystem function and livelihoods.

AQUACULTURE SEMINAR In coordination with the Latin American Fisheries Fellowship (LAFF) Dr. Hunter Lenihan is leading a graduate seminar on global aquaculture and sustainability practices. In this course students will learn about impacts of global aquaculture practices and hear from experts in global aquaculture industry and research.

AQUACULTURE SEMINAR

In coordination with the Latin American Fisheries Fellowship (LAFF) Dr. Hunter Lenihan is leading a graduate seminar on global aquaculture and sustainability practices. In this course students will learn about impacts of global aquaculture practices and hear from experts in global aquaculture industry and research.

Advancing Mariculture In California


Advancing Mariculture In California


Ask any of the few aquaculture companies in California and they will tell you it is not easy to produce seafood for local markets. Given our extensive coastline and high demand for seafood, California is ideal for offshore aquaculture production. A combination of factors, including past unsustainable practices, cheaper but less healthy foreign-grown products, and a lack of understanding of actual environmental impacts, has led to inefficient permitting for offshore aquaculture ventures. SARC is teaming with local aquaculture companies and legislators to advance the permitting, regulation, and management of offshore and onshore marine aquaculture facilities and activities, with the goal of assessing and minimizing environmental impacts, providing a forum for identifying industry best practices, and working with diverse stakeholders to generate recommendations for the state of California.

Bernard Friedman of SBMC, harvesting mussels at his offshore farm.

Bernard Friedman of SBMC, harvesting mussels at his offshore farm.


Bringing Mussel-Seaweed Systems to the California Coast

Increasing domestic aquaculture production is pertinent to improving food-security and providing more local jobs. Ocean farming presents a unique opportunity for expansion in the U.S. as it is relatively underdeveloped. On the east coast and abroad, aquaculture is increasingly moving towards an ecosystem-based approach known as integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA), a technique that harnesses the benefits of culturing two or more trophic level species together. Current costs and environmental uncertainty of breeding finfish offshore in the U.S. have led to the creation of an IMTA model limited to shellfish and seaweed. The combination of these two extractive species has been used in China and Norway to absorb the environmental impacts of fish farms and coastal nutrient runoff.

A collaboration between SARC, Bren master’s students, and SB Mariculture is researching the potential benefits and feasibility of mussel and seaweed integrated systems off the coast of California.

Abalone and ogo at The Cultured Abalone

Abalone and ogo at The Cultured Abalone


Accessible Seafood Project

California is home to one of the most productive coastal zones in the world. Yet, local seafood has become a luxury good and is inaccessible to most Californians. With the Santa Barbara Foundation and Salty Girl Seafood, SARC is conducting a market analysis of Santa Barbara County. The goal is to make local, farm raised seafood accessible to underserved communities. In partnership with Santa Barbara Mariculture and The Cultured Abalone, SARC researchers are conducting field tests to determine ways to grow native, edible seaweed species.

Ogo at The Cultured Abalone, shot by Marco Mazza

Ogo at The Cultured Abalone, shot by Marco Mazza


Marketing Sea Vegetables Through ARt

Beyond Hawaiian cuisine, Americans have been slow to adopt seaweed as part of their diet. Three common, edible and tasty local seaweed species can be found right in Santa Barbara, and SARC interns are exploring marketing and artistic approaches to make seaweed desirable.

Marine_Harvest_29.jpg

Food from the Sea Summit: Ecosystems & Human Health


Born out of the Food from the Sea Summit at UCSB, SARC is running a collaborative project investigating the impacts of aquaculture on marine ecosystems and human health. SARC works with researchers from the National Center for Ecological Analysis and SynthesisScripps Institute of Oceanography at UC San Diego to conduct a comparison study of ecological and human health effects of different aquaculture habitats (off-shore, coastal, land-based) and what this might mean for development and regulation of aquaculture in California and globally.

One of our first initiatives on this project is a life cycle assessment (LCA) of the aquaculture feed industry, comparing novel fish meal substitutes in salmon feeds. We are working closely with Dr. Margareth Overland and her team of fish nutritionists, physiologists, and immunologists at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU).

Food from the Sea Summit: Ecosystems & Human Health


Born out of the Food from the Sea Summit at UCSB, SARC is running a collaborative project investigating the impacts of aquaculture on marine ecosystems and human health. SARC works with researchers from the National Center for Ecological Analysis and SynthesisScripps Institute of Oceanography at UC San Diego to conduct a comparison study of ecological and human health effects of different aquaculture habitats (off-shore, coastal, land-based) and what this might mean for development and regulation of aquaculture in California and globally.

One of our first initiatives on this project is a life cycle assessment (LCA) of the aquaculture feed industry, comparing novel fish meal substitutes in salmon feeds. We are working closely with Dr. Margareth Overland and her team of fish nutritionists, physiologists, and immunologists at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU).

RESTORATION THROUGH AQUACULTURE


RESTORATION THROUGH AQUACULTURE


Carpinteria Slough connects marine and terrestrial ecosystems and is surrounded by urban development.

Carpinteria Slough connects marine and terrestrial ecosystems and is surrounded by urban development.

Coastal wetlands are important to both marine and terrestrial communities harboring nursery habitat and productive ecosystems. California has lost nearly 90% of its wetland habitat through coastal development and habitat degradation. In order to combat these losses, the state is investing great resources into restoration of these important ecosystems. As has been demonstrated in coastal estuaries along the east coast, wetlands can be restored with the conservation of ecosystem engineers who provide habitat and other ecosystem services and in turn promote biodiversity and can filter pollutants. A prime example of this is with reef building oysters. Also a valued commodity in the seafood market, oysters can create habitat that can restore coastal ecosystems and provide a lucrative harvest when planted correctly. 

We hypothesize that restoration efforts can be enhanced at a low cost through public-private partnerships cultivating reef-building, economically important oysters at targeted habitat locations. The Carpinteria Slough has been impacted by human development for thousands of years and as a result has lost a lot of its ecosystem functions, historically serving an important nursery habitat for many marine species. Farming of native ecosystem engineers, Ostrea lurida, in the Carpinteria Slough can provide habitat, increase biodiversity and improve water quality, steps essential to restoration of our local wetlands. Learn more about this project on Honda.com!

Palau Clam Farm.jpg

ALTERNATIVES TO FISHING IN FRENCH POLYNESIA


SARC is examining the expansion of giant clam (pahua) aquaculture practices in coral reef ecosystems in French Polynesia. Pahua is an important cultural species and growing giant clams in aquaculture can provide local communities with an alternative to fishing wild stocks, thus increasing the potential for the recovery of coral reef fish and clam stocks. Giant clam, prawns, and batfish are the top farmed species in lagoons and atolls supporting coral reefs, but given the area's extensive marine territory, there is great potential for expansion. Such potential is being examined by foreign nations, who are planning large scale, potentially degrading forms of fish aquaculture in relatively pristine atolls. Yet some expansion of aquaculture might not only produce income for local people but could also reduce intensive fishing pressure on coral reef species. How sustainable is coral reef aquaculture? We are working closely with Sarah Argyropoulos and The Nature Conservancy, as well as the Moorea Coral Reef Long-Term Ecological Program, to test alternatives for wild caught fisheries in coral reef ecosystems.

To see more projects focused on preserving wild fisheries and Tahitian livelihoods visit: http://www.savingrahui.com/.

ALTERNATIVES TO FISHING IN FRENCH POLYNESIA


SARC is examining the expansion of giant clam (pahua) aquaculture practices in coral reef ecosystems in French Polynesia. Pahua is an important cultural species and growing giant clams in aquaculture can provide local communities with an alternative to fishing wild stocks, thus increasing the potential for the recovery of coral reef fish and clam stocks. Giant clam, prawns, and batfish are the top farmed species in lagoons and atolls supporting coral reefs, but given the area's extensive marine territory, there is great potential for expansion. Such potential is being examined by foreign nations, who are planning large scale, potentially degrading forms of fish aquaculture in relatively pristine atolls. Yet some expansion of aquaculture might not only produce income for local people but could also reduce intensive fishing pressure on coral reef species. How sustainable is coral reef aquaculture? We are working closely with Sarah Argyropoulos and The Nature Conservancy, as well as the Moorea Coral Reef Long-Term Ecological Program, to test alternatives for wild caught fisheries in coral reef ecosystems.

To see more projects focused on preserving wild fisheries and Tahitian livelihoods visit: http://www.savingrahui.com/.

CONQUERING HABS IN IMTAS


CONQUERING HABS IN IMTAS


Aerial Photograph of a Harmful Algae Bloom (HAB) affecting Salmon Cages in Southern Chile. Photo: Rodriguez-Benito / ESA

Aerial Photograph of a Harmful Algae Bloom (HAB) affecting Salmon Cages in Southern Chile. Photo: Rodriguez-Benito / ESA

Harmful Algae Blooms (HABs) can have serious and detrimental effects on coastal ecosystems and economies. Since aquaculture activity is increasing in coastal areas, HABs are becoming a significant threat to farmed organisms and the livelihoods they support particularly in developing countries. The focus of SARC’s research is to test how different farming practices, including co-culturing of different organisms and spatial arrangements, could help decrease the nutrient availability for HABs in critical time periods and areas in Chile. Further, PhD candidate Jose Zenteno, aims to identify HABs risk parameters in order to inform spatial planning of coastal aquaculture of current and future farms. SARC is working with researchers in Chile and California to develop modeling approaches to best address these questions.

IMG_7943.JPG

BREN GLOBAL AQUACULTURE SEMINAR


In coordination with the Latin American Fisheries Fellowship (LAFF) Dr. Hunter Lenihan is leading a graduate seminar on global aquaculture and sustainability practices at the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management at UCSB. In this course students will learn about impacts of global aquaculture practices and hear from experts in global aquaculture industry and research. Guest lecturers will include Dr. Doris Soto, Senior Aquaculture Officer at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); Peter Bridson, Aquaculture manager at Seafood Watch; Dr. Felipe Sandoval, president of SeafoodChile and former Undersecretary of Fisheries of Chile; Margareth Overland, Center of Research Based Innovation; Dr. Rosamond Naylor, Director of the Center on Food Security and the Environment.

BREN GLOBAL AQUACULTURE SEMINAR


In coordination with the Latin American Fisheries Fellowship (LAFF) Dr. Hunter Lenihan is leading a graduate seminar on global aquaculture and sustainability practices at the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management at UCSB. In this course students will learn about impacts of global aquaculture practices and hear from experts in global aquaculture industry and research. Guest lecturers will include Dr. Doris Soto, Senior Aquaculture Officer at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); Peter Bridson, Aquaculture manager at Seafood Watch; Dr. Felipe Sandoval, president of SeafoodChile and former Undersecretary of Fisheries of Chile; Margareth Overland, Center of Research Based Innovation; Dr. Rosamond Naylor, Director of the Center on Food Security and the Environment.